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Risk Management Framework is implemented throughout an organization.
NIST 800-39, Manage Information Security Risk, describes how to implement risk within t three layers (or tiers) of of an organization:
Tier 1: Organization level
Tier 2: Mission/Business Process level
Tier 3: Information System level
Tier 1: Organization Level risk management
Tier one addresses security from the organizations perspective. The activities include the implementation of the first component of risk management, risk framing. Risk framing provides context of all the risk activities within an organization, which affects the risk activities of tier 1 & 2. The output of risk framing is Risk Management Strategy. In tier 1 the organization establishes and implements governance structure that are in compliance with laws, regulations and policies. Tier 1 activities include establishment of the Risk Executive Function, establishment of the risk management strategy and determination of the risk tolerance.
Tier 2: Mission/Business Process Level risk management
Tier 2 risk management activities include: 1) defining the mission/business processes to support the organization. 2) Prioritize the mission/business process with respect to the long term goals of the organization. 3) Define the type of information needed to successfully execute the mission/business processes, criticality/sensitivity of the information and the information flows both internal and external of the information.
Having a risk-aware process is an important part of tier 2. To be risk-aware senior leaders/executives need to know: 1) types of threat sources and threat events that could have an adverse affect the ability of the organizations 2) the potential adverse impacts on the organizational operations and assets, individuals, the Nation if confidentiality, integrity, availability is compromised 3) the organization�s resilience to such an attack that can be achieved with a given mission/business process
Tier 3: Information System risk management
From the information system perspective, tier 3 addresses the following tasks:
1) Categorization of the information system
2) Allocating the organizational security control
3) Selection, implementation, assessment, authorization, and ongoing
Chapter 3 focuses on the step to have a comprehensive risk management program. The tasks discussed include:
For more information go to: http://elamb.org/training-certification800-39-manage-information-security-risks/
Assurance, Assurance/DIACAP, Assurance/DITSCAP, Assurance/Netcentric, Assurance/SSAA, C&A, Certification, DIARMF, ditpr, DoD Risk Management Framework, DoD RMF, EITDR, emass, federal, FISMA, information assurance, ISSEP, Main Digg, Risk Management Framework, security
DIACAP to DIARMF: Assessment Authorization
With the move from certification and accreditation (C&A) to risk management framework, comes a few new terms. “C&A” will be replaced with assessment and authorization. Even though “information assurance (IA) controls” will be call “security controls”, the definition and work is still the same, but the hope is that its done continuously and more cost-effective.
Certification (NIST Assessment) – Comprehensive evaluation of an information system assessment of IA Controls/Security Controls to determine the extent to which the controls are implemented correctly and operating as intended. That means when evaluated, they produce the desired outcome. An assessment is about gathering information to providing the factual basis for an authorizing official (Designated Accrediting Authority) to render a security accreditation decision
Accreditation (NIST Authorization) – Security accreditation is the official management decision to operate (DAA – Formal approval of the system). Authorization is given by a senior agency official (upper-management/higher head quarters/combat commander). The official should have the authority to oversee the budget and business operations of the information system explicitly accept the risk to operations, assets, individuals. They accept responsibility for the security of the system and are fully accountable for the security of the system.
“The official management decision given by a senior organization“The official management decision given by a senior organizational official to authorize operation of an information system and to explicitly accept the risk to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation based on the implementation of an agreed-upon set of security controls.”
– NIST SP 800-37 rev 1
March 14, 2014, UPDATE RMF – DoD IT:
DIARMF will be known as Risk Management Framework for DoD IT.
Assurance, Assurance/DIACAP, Assurance/DITSCAP, Assurance/Netcentric, Assurance/SSAA, EITDR, emass, FISMA, information assurance, Main Digg, security, sissu
UPDAT: 2014 – Risk Management Framework for DOD IT released.
Days 4 & 5 bring the DIACAP/AFCAP Essentials Class to a close. The
biggest things I learned were: CNSSI 4009 is the the official glossary of DOD IA, there is a big difference between theory, policy and practice, Agents of the Certifying Authority (ACA) are official validators and there is a difference between acquisition Mission criticality and IA MAC levels.
Stuff I learned from people in the class:
-AFCA is changing its name (to what?)
DOD is going to put the new IA controls in NCSSI 12-53 (currently in draft)
-a lot of what I need in there is in NIST 800-53
Marines use something called Exacta
Site called securitycritics.org
33-202 is now completely irrelevant and obsolete (not even mentioned ONCE in the class)
Feds call Certification &Accreditation (C&A) “Security authorization”
NIST SP 800-37
Validator Activities & Issue Accreditation Decision
Make certification determination
CA/DAA Package review
Validation procedures were discussed. On day five, we looked at how the validators look at a system.
I thought is was interesting. It should help me get through the EITDR/DIACAP process easier.
Maintain Situational Awareness
Maintain IA Posture
**15 March 14 Update – eMASS will match the process/procedure and IA Controls of the new RMF for DoD IT that is replacing the DIACAP. **
discussed here a little: http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SMA/ispab/documents/minutes/2012-10/ispab_oct2012_dcussatt_dod-rmf-transition-brief.pdf
**30 Aug 11 Update to eMASS info. Previous information mixed eMass with IT Portfolio Management systems. There was a lot of confusion about eMASS due to is very late release following the official publication of DoDI 8510, DIACAP**
eMASS is a database managed by the DoD created to store, track and manage the activities of the Certification & Accreditation process (and/or risk management framework steps). The database is managed on the NIPR & SIPR. For more information refer to:
Information Assurance Support Environment (IASE)
eMASS vs. IT Portolio Management Systems
eMASS should not be confused with IT Portfolio management system addressed in DoDD 8115.01, “Information Technology Portfolio Management”:
USAF Enterprise Information Technology Data Repository (EITDR)
Department of NAVY DADMS/DITPR-DON
The DON CIO provides guidance on registration requirements for the DON Application and Database Management System (DADMS) and DoD IT Portfolio Registry (DITPR)-DON, which replaced the DON IT Registry. DITPR-DON is the single, authoritative source for data regarding DON IT systems, including National Security Systems. Registration of mission-critical, mission-essential and mission-support systems in DITPR-DON is central to establishing an accurate and reliable enterprise-wide inventory. Additionally, DITPR-DON is used to satisfy statutory and management reporting requirements, including Federal Information Security Management Act reporting and the Business Management Modernization Program certification process.
Army Portfolio Management Solution
The The Army Portfolio Management Solution (APMS) is the Army’s system has four major modules: IT registration module, Domain Certification module, Capital Planning & Investment Mgt IT Prioritization Module and Capital Planning Investment Control IT Budget Reporting Module
All the databases do essentially the same thing. For the purpose of DIACAP, the Information Technology registration and IA certification components are the most important.
DoD Regulation 5200.1-R , “DoD Information Security Program,” January 1997
DoDD 8115.01, “Information Technology Portfolio Management”, dated October 10, 2005
DoDD 8500.01E, “Information Assurance (IA),” dated April 23, 2007
DoD 8510.1-M, “DoD Information Technology Security Certification and Accreditation Process (DITSCAP) Application Document”, dated July 31, 2000
DoDI 8551.1, “Ports, Protocols, and Services Management (PPSM) Release 6.9,” dated September, 2007
DoDD 8570.1, “Information Assurance Training, Certification, and Workforce Management,” dated August 15, 2004
DoDI 8570.1-M “Information Assurance Workforce Improvement Program,” dated December 19, 2005
Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, “Information Technology Portfolio Management,” March 22, 2004
Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) (2002)
Information Assurance Support Environment (IASE)